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<body lang=KO link=blue vlink=blue style='tab-interval:35.4pt'>

<div class=Section1>

<p class=MsoNormal><font size=2 color=navy face=굴림><span
lang=EN-GB style='font-size:10.0pt;mso-hansi-font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:
Arial;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>Dear Don,<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoNormal><font size=2 color=navy face=굴림><span
lang=EN-GB style='font-size:10.0pt;mso-hansi-font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:
Arial;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>There might be a misunderstanding,
indeed, because it is quite complicated</span></font><font size=2 color=navy
face=Arial><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial;
mso-ascii-font-family:Gulim;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'> </span></font><font
size=2 color=navy><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:10.0pt;mso-hansi-font-family:
Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:Arial;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>!<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoNormal><font size=2 color=navy face=굴림><span
lang=EN-GB style='font-size:10.0pt;mso-hansi-font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:
Arial;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>If I understood it correctly, and if
information found and provided are right, there are two different museums here:<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:38.0pt;text-indent:-18.0pt;mso-list:l0 level1 lfo1;
tab-stops:list 38.0pt'><![if !supportLists]><font size=2 color=navy face=굴림><span
lang=EN-GB style='font-size:10.0pt;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><span
style='mso-list:Ignore'>-<font size=1 face="Times New Roman"><span
style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>        
</span></font></span></span></font><![endif]><font size=2 color=navy><span
lang=EN-GB style='font-size:10.0pt;mso-hansi-font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:
Arial;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>Korean (Central) </span></font><st1:place><st1:PlaceName><font
  size=2 color=navy><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:10.0pt;mso-hansi-font-family:
  Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:Arial;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>History</span></font></st1:PlaceName><font
 size=2 color=navy><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:10.0pt;mso-hansi-font-family:
 Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:Arial;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'> </span></font><st1:PlaceType><font
  size=2 color=navy><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:10.0pt;mso-hansi-font-family:
  Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:Arial;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>Museum</span></font></st1:PlaceType></st1:place><font
size=2 color=navy><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:10.0pt;mso-hansi-font-family:
Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:Arial;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>: located originally
on Moran Hill, close to Ulmil Pavilion, under the name of State Museum of History,
it was moved in 1977 to its present location on </span></font><st1:Street><st1:address><font
  size=2 color=navy><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:10.0pt;mso-hansi-font-family:
  Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:Arial;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>KIS
  Square</span></font></st1:address></st1:Street><font size=2 color=navy><span
lang=EN-GB style='font-size:10.0pt;mso-hansi-font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:
Arial;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'> (visited and mentioned below by Don).<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:38.0pt;text-indent:-18.0pt;mso-list:l0 level1 lfo1;
tab-stops:list 38.0pt'><![if !supportLists]><font size=2 color=navy face=굴림><span
lang=EN-GB style='font-size:10.0pt;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><span
style='mso-list:Ignore'>-<font size=1 face="Times New Roman"><span
style='font:7.0pt "Times New Roman"'>        
</span></font></span></span></font><![endif]><font size=2 color=navy><span
lang=EN-GB style='font-size:10.0pt;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>The </span></font><st1:place><st1:PlaceName><font
  size=2 color=navy><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:10.0pt;color:navy;
  mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>National</span></font></st1:PlaceName><font size=2
 color=navy><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:10.0pt;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:
 EN-GB'> </span></font><st1:PlaceName><font size=2 color=navy><span lang=EN-GB
  style='font-size:10.0pt;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>Central</span></font></st1:PlaceName><font
 size=2 color=navy><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:10.0pt;color:navy;
 mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'> </span></font><st1:PlaceType><font size=2
  color=navy><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:10.0pt;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:
  EN-GB'>Museum</span></font></st1:PlaceType></st1:place><font size=2
color=navy><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:10.0pt;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:
EN-GB'> of the Liberation Struggle was set up on </span></font><st1:date
Month="8" Day="1" Year="1948"><font size=2 color=navy><span lang=EN-GB
 style='font-size:10.0pt;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>August 1, 1948</span></font></st1:date><font
size=2 color=navy><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:10.0pt;color:navy;
mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>. It was renamed the </span></font><st1:place><st1:PlaceName><font
  size=2 color=navy><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:10.0pt;color:navy;
  mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>Korean</span></font></st1:PlaceName><font size=2
 color=navy><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:10.0pt;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:
 EN-GB'> </span></font><st1:PlaceName><font size=2 color=navy><span lang=EN-GB
  style='font-size:10.0pt;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>Revolution</span></font></st1:PlaceName><font
 size=2 color=navy><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:10.0pt;color:navy;
 mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'> </span></font><st1:PlaceType><font size=2
  color=navy><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:10.0pt;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:
  EN-GB'>Museum</span></font></st1:PlaceType></st1:place><font size=2
color=navy><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:10.0pt;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:
EN-GB'> in January 1961 and placed on </span></font><st1:Street><st1:address><font
  size=2 color=navy><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:10.0pt;color:navy;
  mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>Kim Il Sung Square</span></font></st1:address></st1:Street><font
size=2 color=navy><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:10.0pt;color:navy;
mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'> (according to information provided by Chris Springer.
It is not sure where it was located before that). It was moved to its present
location on Mansudae behind KIS statue in 1972.</span></font><font size=2
color=navy><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:10.0pt;mso-hansi-font-family:Arial;
mso-bidi-font-family:Arial;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoNormal><font size=2 color=navy face=굴림><span
lang=EN-GB style='font-size:10.0pt;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>The </span></font><st1:place><st1:PlaceName><font
  size=2 color=navy><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:10.0pt;color:navy;
  mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>Korean</span></font></st1:PlaceName><font size=2
 color=navy><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:10.0pt;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:
 EN-GB'> </span></font><st1:PlaceName><font size=2 color=navy><span lang=EN-GB
  style='font-size:10.0pt;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>History</span></font></st1:PlaceName><font
 size=2 color=navy><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:10.0pt;color:navy;
 mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'> </span></font><st1:PlaceType><font size=2
  color=navy><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:10.0pt;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:
  EN-GB'>Museum</span></font></st1:PlaceType></st1:place><font size=2
color=navy><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:10.0pt;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:
EN-GB'> was said to be closed for renovation the two times I visited (2008 and
2010). But as noted, of course, it doesn’t mean it was really
closed.<span style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>A contrario, it doesn’t
mean it wasn’t: I was told </span></font><st1:place><st1:PlaceName><font
  size=2 color=navy><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:10.0pt;color:navy;
  mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>Korean</span></font></st1:PlaceName><font size=2
 color=navy><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:10.0pt;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:
 EN-GB'> </span></font><st1:PlaceName><font size=2 color=navy><span lang=EN-GB
  style='font-size:10.0pt;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>Art</span></font></st1:PlaceName><font
 size=2 color=navy><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:10.0pt;color:navy;
 mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'> </span></font><st1:PlaceName><font size=2
  color=navy><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:10.0pt;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:
  EN-GB'>Gallery</span></font></st1:PlaceName></st1:place><font size=2
color=navy><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:10.0pt;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:
EN-GB'> was closed for renovation at the same time, and apparently it was,
since it reopened in 2010. A lot of cultural sites have undergone full
renovation in the 2000’s and I was interested in listing them: Moranbong Theatre,
Taedongmun Cinema, Pyongyang Grand Theatre, etc. It is quite interesting to
follow the priorities set by the regime for </span></font><st1:City><st1:place><font
  size=2 color=navy><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:10.0pt;color:navy;
  mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>Pyongyang</span></font></st1:place></st1:City><font
size=2 color=navy><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:10.0pt;color:navy;
mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'> development and refurbishment.<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoNormal><font size=2 color=navy face=굴림><span
lang=EN-GB style='font-size:10.0pt;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>Yours,</span></font><font
size=2 color=navy><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:10.0pt;mso-hansi-font-family:
Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:Arial;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoNormal><font size=2 color=navy face=굴림><span
lang=EN-GB style='font-size:10.0pt;mso-hansi-font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:
Arial;color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'><o:p> </o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoAutoSig><font size=2 color="#808040" face=Garamond><span
lang=EN-GB style='font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Garamond;color:#808040;
mso-ansi-language:EN-GB;mso-no-proof:yes'><span style='mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt'>Benjamin
JOINAU</span></span></font><font color=navy><span lang=EN-GB style='color:navy;
mso-ansi-language:EN-GB;mso-no-proof:yes'><o:p></o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoAutoSig><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><font size=2
color="#808040" face=Garamond><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Garamond;color:#808040;font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal;
mso-no-proof:yes'><span style='mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt'>Yongsan-gu
Itaewon-dong 119-28<o:p></o:p></span></span></font></i></p>

<p class=MsoAutoSig><i style='mso-bidi-font-style:normal'><font size=2
color="#808040" face=Garamond><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:10.0pt;
font-family:Garamond;color:#808040;font-style:italic;mso-bidi-font-style:normal;
mso-no-proof:yes'><span style='mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt'>140-200 Seoul, South
Korea<o:p></o:p></span></span></font></i></p>

<p class=MsoAutoSig><font size=2 color="#808040" face=Garamond><span
lang=EN-US style='font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Garamond;color:#808040;
mso-no-proof:yes'><span style='mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt'>Tel/fax : (822)
795-2465<o:p></o:p></span></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoAutoSig><font size=2 color="#808040" face=Garamond><span
lang=EN-US style='font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Garamond;color:#808040;
mso-no-proof:yes'><span style='mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt'>Cell phone : (82)
10-8905-0696<o:p></o:p></span></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoAutoSig><font size=2 color="#808040" face=Garamond><span
lang=EN-US style='font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Garamond;color:#808040;
mso-no-proof:yes'><span style='mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt'>E-mail :
joinau@chollian.net<o:p></o:p></span></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoNormal><font size=2 color=navy face=굴림><span
lang=EN-US style='font-size:10.0pt;mso-hansi-font-family:Arial;mso-bidi-font-family:
Arial;color:navy'><o:p> </o:p></span></font></p>

<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:35.4pt;mso-para-margin-left:2.95gd'><font
size=2 face=Tahoma><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Tahoma'>-----Original
Message-----<br>
<b><span style='font-weight:bold'>From:</span></b>
koreanstudies-bounces@koreaweb.ws [mailto:koreanstudies-bounces@koreaweb.ws] <b><span
style='font-weight:bold'>On Behalf Of </span></b>don kirk<br>
<b><span style='font-weight:bold'>Sent:</span></b> Monday, September 24, 2012
3:29 PM<br>
<b><span style='font-weight:bold'>To:</span></b> Korean Studies Discussion List<br>
<b><span style='font-weight:bold'>Subject:</span></b> Re: [KS] Answers about
Pyongyang</span></font></p>

<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:35.4pt;mso-para-margin-left:2.95gd'><font
size=3 face=굴림><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:12.0pt'><o:p> </o:p></span></font></p>

<table class=MsoNormalTable border=0 cellspacing=0 cellpadding=0 width=643
 style='width:17.0cm;mso-cellspacing:0cm;margin-left:35.4pt;mso-padding-alt:
 0cm 0cm 0cm 0cm'>
 <tr style='mso-yfti-irow:0;mso-yfti-lastrow:yes'>
  <td valign=top style='padding:0cm 0cm 0cm 0cm'>
  <div>
  <p class=MsoNormal><font size=3 face=굴림><span lang=EN-US
  style='font-size:12.0pt'>There may be some misunderstanding here. The Korean
  History Museum is now on Kim Il Sung Square, filling almost one entire side.
  I've been told on at least two visits that's what it is and was taken on a
  walk-through in July. It does not cover the Korean War and is not much
  about revolutionary struggle. Exhibits begin with archeological remains,
  birth of Tangun (of course!) and move through the millennia. At least that's
  what I saw when I visited for an hour or so, with minder, in July. I would
  have liked to have stayed longer, but that's how guided tours are. (Speaking
  of western-style resfaurants, a coffee shop on the corner almost next to
  the museum, nearest the river, offers Austrian -- or anyway European --
  coffee and cake at Seoul-coffee-shop prices.)<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>
  </div>
  <div>
  <p class=MsoNormal><font size=3 face=굴림><span lang=EN-US
  style='font-size:12.0pt'>Don Kirk<br>
  <br>
  --- On <b><span style='font-weight:bold'>Sun, 9/23/12, BJ <i><span
  style='font-style:italic'><joinau@chollian.net></span></i></span></b>
  wrote:<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>
  </div>
  <blockquote style='border:none;border-left:solid #1010FF 1.5pt;padding:0cm 0cm 0cm 4.0pt;
  margin-left:3.75pt;margin-top:5.0pt;margin-bottom:5.0pt'>
  <p class=MsoNormal style='margin-bottom:12.0pt'><font size=3 face=굴림><span
  lang=EN-US style='font-size:12.0pt'><br>
  From: BJ <joinau@chollian.net><br>
  Subject: [KS] Answers about Pyongyang<br>
  To: "'Korean Studies Discussion List'"
  <koreanstudies@koreaweb.ws><br>
  Date: Sunday, September 23, 2012, 12:22 PM<o:p></o:p></span></font></p>
  <div id=yiv966006052>
  <div>
  <div>
  <p class=yiv966006052msonormal><font size=3 face="Times New Roman"><span
  lang=EN-US style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Dear </span></font><span
  lang=FR style='mso-ansi-language:FR'>List members,</span><span lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></span></p>
  </div>
  <p class=yiv966006052msonormal><font size=3 face="Times New Roman"><span
  lang=FR style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:
  FR'> </span></font><span lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></span></p>
  </div>
  <p class=yiv966006052msonormal><font size=3 face="Times New Roman"><span
  lang=EN-GB style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:
  EN-GB'>I’d like once again to thank you all for your many answers to my
  questions about </span></font><span lang=EN-GB style='mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>Pyongyang.</span><span
  lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></span></p>
  </div>
  <p class=yiv966006052msonormal><font size=3 face="Times New Roman"><span
  lang=EN-GB style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:
  EN-GB'>Since they came in many posts, sometimes in private messages and could
  be of interest for some members, I have listed them below.</span></font><span
  lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></span></p>
  </blockquote>
  <p class=yiv966006052msonormal><font size=3 face="Times New Roman"><span
  lang=EN-GB style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:
  EN-GB'>Please note that these informations are mostly indicative and are
  often hypothetical. Just pieces of a puzzle…</span></font><span
  lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></span></p>
  <p class=yiv966006052msonormal><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span
  lang=EN-GB style='font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:
  EN-GB'> </span></font><span lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></span></p>
  <p class=yiv966006052msonormal align=center style='text-align:center'><font
  size=4 face="Times New Roman"><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:14.0pt;
  font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Questions about </span></font><font size=4><span
  lang=EN-US style='font-size:14.0pt'>Pyongyang</span></font><span lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></span></p>
  <p class=yiv966006052msonormal><font size=3 face="Times New Roman"><span
  lang=EN-US style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman"'> </span></font><span
  lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></span></p>
  <p class=yiv966006052msonormal><font size=3 face="Times New Roman"><span
  lang=EN-US style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman"'> </span></font><span
  lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></span></p>
  <p class=yiv966006052msonormal><font size=3 face="Times New Roman"><span
  lang=EN-US style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman"'> </span></font><span
  lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></span></p>
  <p class=yiv966006052msonormal style='margin-left:40.0pt'><font size=3
  face="Times New Roman"><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:
  "Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>1.</span></font><font size=1
  face="Times New Roman"><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:7.0pt;font-family:
  "Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>      
  </span></font><span lang=EN-GB style='mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>Korean Central
  History <span class=yiv966006052grame>Museum :</span> it used to be on
  Moran Hill before 1977 (it is said to have opened there in 1945). Where was
  it <span class=yiv966006052grame>located ?</span> </span><font
  face=Wingdings><span lang=EN-GB style='font-family:Wingdings;mso-ansi-language:
  EN-GB'></span></font><span lang=EN-GB style='mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>
  Called “State Museum of History”, it was located on Moral Hill
  close to Ulmil Pavillion up to 1977.</span><span lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></span></p>
  <p class=yiv966006052msonormal style='margin-left:40.0pt'><font size=3
  face="Times New Roman"><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:
  "Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>2.</span></font><font size=1
  face="Times New Roman"><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:7.0pt;font-family:
  "Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>      
  </span></font><span lang=EN-GB style='mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>It was closed
  for renovation until recently. Has it reopened? </span><font face=Wingdings><span
  lang=EN-GB style='font-family:Wingdings;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'></span></font><span
  lang=EN-GB style='mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'> Yes – date of reopening
  unknown (was it really closed for renovation? That’s what I had been
  told in 2009).</span><span lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></span></p>
  <p class=yiv966006052msonormal style='margin-left:40.0pt'><font size=3
  face="Times New Roman"><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:
  "Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>3.</span></font><font size=1
  face="Times New Roman"><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:7.0pt;font-family:
  "Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>      
  </span></font><span lang=EN-GB style='mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>Korean
  Revolution <span class=yiv966006052grame>Museum :</span> before being behind
  the Grand Monument of Mansudae (1972), where was it located? It was supposed
  to be founded in 1948 under the name of Central State Museum of the
  Liberation Fight (I translate from French). </span><font face=Wingdings><span
  lang=EN-GB style='font-family:Wingdings;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'></span></font><span
  lang=EN-GB style='mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>  The National Central Museum
  of the Liberation Struggle was set up on August 1, 1948. It was renamed the
  Korean Revolution Museum in January 1961 and placed on Kim Il Sung Square.
  (It is not sure where it was located before that).</span><span lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></span></p>
  <p class=yiv966006052msonormal style='margin-left:40.0pt'><font size=3
  face="Times New Roman"><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:
  "Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>4.</span></font><font size=1
  face="Times New Roman"><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:7.0pt;font-family:
  "Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>      
  </span></font><span lang=EN-GB style='mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>The Korea Art
  Gallery had been closed for “renovations” for years. When has it
  reopened? (If it has). Was it opened first in 1954 or 1960? </span><font
  face=Wingdings><span lang=EN-GB style='font-family:Wingdings;mso-ansi-language:
  EN-GB'></span></font><span lang=EN-GB style='mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'> It
  reopened after renovations in 2010.</span><span lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></span></p>
  <p class=yiv966006052msonormal style='margin-left:40.0pt'><font size=3
  face="Times New Roman"><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:
  "Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>5.</span></font><font size=1
  face="Times New Roman"><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:7.0pt;font-family:
  "Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>      
  </span></font><span lang=EN-GB style='mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>Victorious
  Fatherland Liberation War <span class=yiv966006052grame>Museum :</span>
  it is said to have opened initially in August 1953, but before being rebuilt
  in its actual location in 1974, where was it located? </span><font
  face=Wingdings><span lang=EN-GB style='font-family:Wingdings;mso-ansi-language:
  EN-GB'></span></font><span lang=EN-GB style='mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'> It
  was located on Haebangsan, in what is now the Party area.</span><span
  lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></span></p>
  <p class=yiv966006052msonormal style='margin-left:40.0pt'><font size=3
  face="Times New Roman"><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:
  "Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>6.</span></font><font size=1
  face="Times New Roman"><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:7.0pt;font-family:
  "Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>      
  </span></font><span lang=EN-GB style='mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>Chris Springer
  says that the Three-Revolutions Exhibition opened in 1993 (I have 1992 in
  another source…), on the site of a former “exhibition”.
  Does anybody know what kind of exhibition it <span class=yiv966006052grame>was
  ?</span> </span><font face=Wingdings><span lang=EN-GB style='font-family:
  Wingdings;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'></span></font><span lang=EN-GB
  style='mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'> The former exhibition was the
  "Exhibition of Achievements of Socialist Construction."</span><span
  lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></span></p>
  <p class=yiv966006052msonormal style='margin-left:40.0pt'><font size=3
  face="Times New Roman"><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:
  "Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>7.</span></font><font size=1
  face="Times New Roman"><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:7.0pt;font-family:
  "Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>      
  </span></font><span lang=EN-GB style='mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>Was the USS
  Pueblo moved from Wonsan to Pyongyang in 1999? (I found different dates). </span><font
  face=Wingdings><span lang=EN-GB style='font-family:Wingdings;mso-ansi-language:
  EN-GB'></span></font><span lang=EN-GB style='mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'> Moved
  from Wonsan in 1999, moved back temporarily in 2002, and then back again to
  Pyongyang.</span><span lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></span></p>
  <p class=yiv966006052msonormal style='margin-left:40.0pt'><font size=3
  face="Times New Roman"><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:
  "Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>8.</span></font><font size=1
  face="Times New Roman"><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:7.0pt;font-family:
  "Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>      
  </span></font><span lang=EN-GB style='mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>Does anybody
  know where are located the fast food restaurant, the new Italian restaurant
  and the micro-brewery? </span><font face=Wingdings><span lang=EN-GB
  style='font-family:Wingdings;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'></span></font><span
  lang=EN-GB style='mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'> </span><span lang=EN-US>There are
  two "fast food" restaurants -- though there are five known
  establishments in Pyongyang in which you can get a hamburger (if you count
  Air Koryo). There are also two Italian restaurants. There at least 5
  different beer breweries. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
  <p class=yiv966006052msonormal style='margin-left:40.0pt'><font size=3
  face="Times New Roman"><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:
  "Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>9.</span></font><font size=1
  face="Times New Roman"><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:7.0pt;font-family:
  "Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>      
  </span></font><span lang=EN-GB style='mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>Does anybody
  know the date of construction of Mansudae Art Studio? And why it was named
  this way despite the fact that it is not in Mansudae area? </span><font
  face=Wingdings><span lang=EN-GB style='font-family:Wingdings;mso-ansi-language:
  EN-GB'></span></font><span lang=EN-GB style='mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>
  Created in 1959; <span class=yiv966006052grame>location  unknown</span>.
  “Their signature project is the Mansudae Grand Monument, the huge
  statue of Kim Il Sung” (C. Springer<span class=yiv966006052grame>) :</span>
  the reason for the name? (<span class=yiv966006052grame>although</span> the
  Grand Monument was opened in 1972…)</span><span lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></span></p>
  <p class=yiv966006052msonormal style='margin-left:40.0pt'><font size=3
  face="Times New Roman"><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:
  "Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>10.</span></font><font size=1
  face="Times New Roman"><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:7.0pt;font-family:
  "Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>   </span></font><span
  lang=EN-GB style='mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>When was the Kim <span
  class=yiv966006052grame>Il</span> Sung Stadium first built (before the
  extensions and renovations of the 1970’s and 1980’s, when it was
  still called the Moranbong Stadium)? </span><font face=Wingdings><span
  lang=EN-GB style='font-family:Wingdings;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'></span></font><span
  lang=EN-GB style='mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'> <span class=yiv966006052grame>rebuilt</span>
  in 1954, on a previous sports field.</span><span lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></span></p>
  <p class=yiv966006052msonormal style='margin-left:40.0pt'><font size=3
  face="Times New Roman"><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:
  "Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>11.</span></font><font size=1
  face="Times New Roman"><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:7.0pt;font-family:
  "Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>   </span></font><span
  lang=EN-GB style='mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>From when the site of Anhak palace
  in Taesong area has been “discovered” and opened to the public? </span><font
  face=Wingdings><span lang=EN-GB style='font-family:Wingdings;mso-ansi-language:
  EN-GB'></span></font><span lang=EN-GB style='mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'> <span
  class=yiv966006052grame>excavations</span> took place under KIS. Apparently
  not opened to the public.</span><span lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></span></p>
  <p class=yiv966006052msonormal style='margin-left:40.0pt'><font size=3
  face="Times New Roman"><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:
  "Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>12.</span></font><font size=1
  face="Times New Roman"><span lang=EN-GB style='font-size:7.0pt;font-family:
  "Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>   </span></font><span
  lang=EN-GB style='mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'>When did the so-called mausoleum
  or tomb of Tangun open to the public: 1993 or 1994? </span><font
  face=Wingdings><span lang=EN-GB style='font-family:Wingdings;mso-ansi-language:
  EN-GB'></span></font><span lang=EN-GB style='mso-ansi-language:EN-GB'> 11th
  October 1994.</span><span lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></span></p>
  <p class=yiv966006052msonormal><font size=3 face="Times New Roman"><span
  lang=EN-GB style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:
  EN-GB'> </span></font><span lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></span></p>
  <p class=yiv966006052msonormal><u><font size=3 face="Times New Roman"><span
  lang=EN-GB style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:
  EN-GB'>New reference:</span></font></u><span lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></span></p>
  <p class=yiv966006052msonormal><font size=3 face="Times New Roman"><span
  lang=EN-GB style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:
  EN-GB'>Roger Mateos Miret with Jelena Prokopljevic: Corea <span
  class=yiv966006052grame>del</span> Norte, Utopa de hormign. <span
  class=yiv966006052grame>Arquitectura y urbanismo al servicio de una
  ideologa.</span> </span></font><font face="Times New Roman"><span
  lang=EN-US style='font-family:"Times New Roman"'>Brenes, Spain 2012 (Munoz
  Moya Editores). (<span class=yiv966006052grame>thanks</span> to Prof. Dege).</span></font><span
  lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></span></p>
  <p class=yiv966006052msonormal><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span
  lang=EN-GB style='font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:
  EN-GB'> </span></font><span lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></span></p>
  <p class=yiv966006052msoplaintext><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span
  lang=EN-GB style='font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:
  EN-GB'>For information, since I didn’t explain at first the reason of
  my questions:</span></font><span lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></span></p>
  <p class=yiv966006052msoplaintext><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span
  lang=EN-GB style='font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:
  EN-GB'>I have just worked on a diachronic reading of the imaginary of
  Pyongyang's urban planning and the way the ideology and the regime’s
  mythology are staged in the city itself (what I call a
  “topo-mythanalysis“). It was the first part of a research about
  the regimes of visibility in cities (comparison Pyongyang-Seoul). The article
  about the topo-mythanalysis has been written and <span
  class=yiv966006052grame>translated,</span> it will be presented at the World
  Conference of Korean Studies in Seoul this week. My approach follows a
  cultural anthropology methodology (Durand). The article has been published in
  French in the journal <i><span style='font-style:italic'>Croisements</span></i>
  (April 2012) and will hopefully be published next year in English.</span></font><span
  lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></span></p>
  <p class=yiv966006052msoplaintext><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span
  lang=EN-GB style='font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:
  EN-GB'>Yours,</span></font><span lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></span></p>
  <p class=yiv966006052msoplaintext><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span
  lang=EN-GB style='font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:
  EN-GB'> </span></font><span lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></span></p>
  <p class=yiv966006052msonormal><font size=2 face="Times New Roman"><span
  lang=EN-US style='font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman"'> </span></font><span
  lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></span></p>
  <div>
  <p class=yiv966006052msoautosig><font size=3 color=navy face="Times New Roman"><span
  lang=FR style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman";color:navy;
  mso-ansi-language:FR'>Benjamin JOINAU</span></font><span lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></span></p>
  </div>
  <p class=yiv966006052msoautosig><i><font size=3 color=navy
  face="Times New Roman"><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:
  "Times New Roman";color:navy;font-style:italic'>Yongsan-gu Itaewon-dong
  119-28</span></font></i><span lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></span></p>
  <p class=yiv966006052msoautosig><i><font size=3 color=navy
  face="Times New Roman"><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:
  "Times New Roman";color:navy;font-style:italic'>140-200 </span></font><font
  color=navy><span lang=EN-US style='color:navy'>Seoul, South Korea</span></font></i><span
  lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></span></p>
  <p class=yiv966006052msoautosig><font size=3 color=navy face="Times New Roman"><span
  lang=EN-US style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman";color:navy'>Tel/fax
  : (822) 795-2465</span></font><span lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></span></p>
  <p class=yiv966006052msoautosig><font size=3 color=navy face="Times New Roman"><span
  lang=EN-US style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman";color:navy'>Cell
  phone : (82) 10-8905-0696</span></font><span lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></span></p>
  <p class=yiv966006052msoautosig><font size=3 color=navy face="Times New Roman"><span
  lang=EN-US style='font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman";color:navy'>E-mail
  : joinau@chollian.net</span></font><span lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></span></p>
  </td>
 </tr>
</table>

<p class=MsoNormal style='margin-left:35.4pt;mso-para-margin-left:2.95gd'><font
size=3 face=굴림><span lang=EN-US style='font-size:12.0pt'><o:p> </o:p></span></font></p>

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