[KS] Independence Gate (Tongnipmun) during Japanese Colonial Rule?

Kirk Larsen kwlarsen at gwu.edu
Wed Nov 10 14:33:42 EST 2004

The discussion of destroyed buildings reminded me of a question I have been long meaning to ask: what happened to the Indpenedence Gate (Tongnipmun) during the period of Japanese Colonial Rule? Was it allowed to stand as is? Was it taken down and subsequently re-constructed after liberation (only to be moved later to make room for tunnel construction)? 


Kirk W. Larsen
Korea Foundation Assistant Professor of
History and International Affairs
Phillips 330
The George Washington University
Washington DC, 20052
(202) 994-8115

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