[KS] English Teachers in the Foreign

Robert Armstrong chonan99 at hotmail.com
Sun Jan 20 03:06:39 EST 2002

This is some of the information that I have on these individuals that you 
asked about.  I would suggest that you read Donald Clark for some of the 
information on these early foreigners.  I hope that has helped you.

Bunker, Annie Ellers	(1860-1938)  She was born on August 31, 1860.  She 
first came to Korea in 1886 to work in the Korean government hospital 
founded by Dr. Horace N. Allen.  She worked as the head nurse and had been 
sent by the Presbyterian Board of Foreign Missions and would later be known 
as one of the founders of the Korean nursing profession in Korea.  In 1887 
she met Dalzell Bunker and they fell in love and married.  She then 
transferred to the Methodist Mission.

Bunker, Dalzell A.	(1853-1932)  He was born in Ohio on August 10, 1853.  He 
was one of the three Americans that were employed by King Kojong of Korea in 
1885 to help organize his government school.  The three of them were Bunker, 
Homer B. Hulbert and George W. Gilmore, and they started their school in 
1886.  Mr. Bunker wrote of their journey from Chemulpo and their rush to get 
into Seoul before the gates would close and leave them locked outside.  He 
wrote,  ¡°The band in the tower of the West Gate sent forth its evening  
tocsin, the three signal fires on Namsan flared up for a moment, the Great 
Bell at Chongno breathed its soothing evensong, the gates of the city were 
closed, and Seoul was in silence like that of a tomb.¡±
	Bunker and Hulbert did not work for the government long.  They both joined 
the Methodist mission to continue their educational work and Bunker would 
later be closely associated with the Methodist Paejae Boys¡¯ School.
In May 1887 he along with Dr. Allen accompanied the American Minister 
Dinsmore, Captain Merril Miller of the U.S.S. Marion and three of his 
officers on a trip to Puk Han Fortress with the invitation of King Kojong.  
In 1887, he married Annie Ellers, a woman that would later make an important 
contribution to Korea¡¯s history by being a teacher to Syngman Rhee when he 
was young.   She was also somewhat notorious for the Shakespeare Nights  
that she put on.  In November 1891 she asked Helen Heard to read the role of 
	In May 1892 he and his wife let Mr. R.B. Lockwood stay at their home for a 
week while he was traveling about Asia.  He stayed working for the Royal 
By April 1898 he had sold his house to Reverend Cobb and his wife.  In April 
the Bunkers went to Japan for a month long vacation.  In June he decided 
that he would go up into northern Korea and work for the gold mines (most 
likely the American mines).

Hallifax, Thomas E.  (1842-1908) I have a couple of different versions to 
him.  He came to Korea in August 1883 to help construct a telegraph service 
for Korea but the country was not ready for it yet and instead he opened up 
an English language school (interpreter school) fopr the foreign office and 
customs service interpreters.  The school was allowed to close after 
Mollendorff was released.  Another source claims that he he came to Korea in 
1885 to serve as the first English teach and was later replaced by Hulbert 
in 1886.  He was a member of the Yanghwa-jin Cemetery Community in November 
1903.  He remained in Korea and continued to do business.

Hutchinson, W Du Flon	He was an English man and acted as secretary for P.G. 
Mollendorff, the German advisor at the Korean Foreign Office from 1883-1885, 
when Mollendorff was trying to establish the Korean postal service and 
communication network.  He had once been the director of the post office of 
Hong Kong.  He was the owner of lots D11 and D12 in Chemulpo and he let 
these to the Japanese Innkeeper Daibutan on a monthly basis.  In 1894, these 
lots became of some concern as they were occupied by the Japanese army that 
had placed a battery of five or six mountain guns on it.
	He took part as a judge at the Royal English School¡¯s track meet on June 
16, 1897.

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