[KS] Daedongyeojido at Museum of Anthropology Hamburg, the only Daedongyeojido in Europe
Kwang On Yoo
lovehankook at gmail.com
Thu May 26 21:53:32 EDT 2011
This year marks the 150th anniversary (1861-2011) of the publication of the
first edition of Master Kim Jung-ho's renowed *Daedongyeojido*. The second
edition was published three years later, in 1864, with very few changes. One
of the changes was the year mark on the Title Page and the Legend(지도표, 地圖標).
Some scholars believe that the only reason for the second edition was to
commemorate the inauguration of the 12-year old boy king, Kojong.
In time for the milestone anniversary of the first edition publication,
it has been learned through a German catalog, *Entdeckung Korea! Schatze aus
Deutschen Museen* (Korea Discovered! Treasures from German Museums, *ISBN
9788986090413*) that the Museum of Anthropology Hamburg had owned a complete
set of *Daedongyeojodo*, the only one in Europe, since 1912. Including this
copy, the worldwide inventory of the map totals 27 and Germany is the third
country, outside of Korea, to own the map, after Japan and The United
The map, colored over original black & white, was donated to the museum from
the collection once owned by famed German geographer Dr. Carl Gottsche
(1856-1909). Upon his death, *Cambridge Journals* ran an obituary of Dr.
Gottsche in their October 1909 issue. The obituary suggests that he obtained
the map when "Dr. Gottsche was engaged in a geological study of Korea. A
geological survey of Korea, with *the first geological map that had been
made of the country." *
*Entdeckung Korea! Schatze aus Deutschen Museen *was made with funding from
the Korea Foundation, and lists all the Korean cultural objects that can be
found throughout German museums.
The snippet of the map is shown on page 386 of the catalog:
The area depicted is from Kangwha Island to Seoul and areas in the
The entry regarding *Daedongyeojodo* states, "two maps of Seoul, one of the
city itself(1) and the other showing the city and its environ(2).......The
map bears a small legend, giving a great diversity of symbols for
administrative centres, garrisons, signalling beacons, storehouses etc."(3)
Sheet 01 of the 1861 map, also colored, housed at The University of
Wisconsin-Milwaukee shows all 3 objects;
(1) Kyungjoobudo (경조오부도, 京兆五部圖) - Map of Five Districts of Seoul. This is
the map at the far left.
(2) Sosunjundo (수선전도, 首善全圖) - Whole map of Capital. This is the map at
(3) Legend (지도표,地圖標) - In two tiers of boxes between two-page preface and
tip of the map.
The Museum of Anthropology in Hamburg seems unsure of the year their map was
made. Unless you are well versed in Korean history and
understand traditional Chinese well enough, It is understandably hard to
distinguish between the two editions. As mentioned above, the main
differences in the 1861 and 1864 editions are on the Title Page and Legend.
The Title Pages
Master Kim recycled the wood block of the first edition (1861) title page to
make the second edition (1864) title page by filling the depressed part of
the block with sawdust and glue to flatten out the year mark of the 1861
edition. He than simply engraved the new year mark of 1864 on this part. The
2nd and 3rd lines unchanged.
*1861 Title Page - Right to Left
*1st line: 12th year of current sovereign (King Choljong),The Year of the
2nd line: Daedongyeojido
3rd line: Edited and published by Kosanja (Kosanja,one of Master Kim's pen
*1864 Title Page - Right to Left
1st line: 1st year of current sovereign (King Kojong), The Year of Rat
2nd line: Daedongyeojido
3rd line: Edited and published by Kosanja
He also recycled the wood blocks used to print the actual map by using the
front and back of the blocks.
The Legend of *Daedongyeojido* varies widely from map to map because many
owners of the map personalized their own symbols to the original.
Here are 2 Legends. One in University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee and the other
in Harvard for the Hamburg Museum to compare with their own.
1861: Sheet 01 of the above University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee link shows the
legend of 1861.
1864: V.1, seq. 4 of this Harvard map shows 1864 legend.
For those who are or will be in Seoul might like to visit The National
Library of Korea between June 13th and July 8th to attend the special
exhibition of the masterpiece. This will be a rare encounter with the
greatest map Korea ever produced. Truly a Korean epic!
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