[KS] Conference on In and Out of South Korean University:New Inter-Asia Mobilities in Higher Education (Oct 23, 6pm EDT)

YOUNGHAN CHO yhydocsport at gmail.com
Wed Oct 21 09:56:10 EDT 2020

*To whom it may concern:*

*Please circulate the information below to its recipients? Thank you in
advance! *




*2020 Carolina Asia Center Conference (October 23 Friday, 6:00 pm EDT,
UNC-CH)  *

*In and Out of South Korean University: New Inter-Asia Mobilities in Higher


Registration: go.unc.edu/interasiaeducation

Organizers: Jiyeon Kang (University of Iowa) & Younghan Cho (Hankuk
University of Foreign Studies)


“In and Out of South Korean University” will present examines a collection
of original research projects that examine South Korea as an important node
of the increasing inter-Asian mobility in higher education. In the late
1990s, South Korean students became the third-largest group of
international students in the world, with the majority heading to the West.
However, within a decade they began heading to other Asian countries
instead, and South Korea itself became a popular destination for Asian
students pursuing undergraduate and post-graduate degrees.

The six projects in this conference employ cultural and ethnographic
methods to study Chinese and South Asian students at South Korean
universities and South Korean students in the non-traditional destinations
including the Philippines and Brunei. These studies offer rich accounts of
the individual strategies, institutional practices, and national discourses
of students leaving from and coming to South Korea. They also analyze
various institutional and state actors in both the sending and receiving
countries, providing a glimpse of national projects to create new national
elites. Together, the conference will address study abroad within Asia as a
cultural project through which individual students envision “opportunities
abroad” for middle-class reproduction and host nations imagine
participation in the global race.

This conference provides an opportunity to address various non-traditional
trajectories of inter-Asian study abroad and discuss how students fashion
new norms of inhabiting these new study abroad regimes. In so doing, the
conference proposes approaching higher education as an important category
for understanding South Korea’s modernization, social mobility, and
shifting parameters of “success” in neoliberal times.

*Session 1*

*1. *

*Title: **Belonging Otherwise: **Chinese Undergraduate Students at South
Korean Universities*

*Presenter: *Jiyeon Kang, Associate Professor, University of Iowa,
jiyeon-kang at uiowa.edu

Kyongah Hwang, Kyung Hee University, kajaah at khu.ac.kr


Following the South Korean government’s drive in the 1990s for
globalization and deregulation of higher education, Korean universities
aggressively recruited Chinese students as both symbolic and economic
resources. In particular, these students became financial lifelines for
Korea’s private institutions. As a result, the number of Chinese students
studying at Korean universities increased 57-fold between 2000 and 2019
(from 1,200 to 68,537). In 2019, we interviewed Chinese students who chose
South Korea with academic and cultural aspirations, but often found that
the university and Korean students did not welcome them into their classes
or communities. We argue that by “belonging otherwise,” the Chinese
students do not adapt to the Korean university in the way imagined by the
normative framework. Nevertheless, these students make the study-abroad
space inhabitable through transnational and technological networks of
belonging—to the Chinese K-pop fandom, to overlapping networks with
conational students on campus and in Korea, and to the emergent networks
back in China that they prepare to return to. These modalities of belonging
serve as a window both to South Korea’s configuration as a host country and
to Chinese students’ strategies for navigating non-elite and inter-Asian
study abroad. Additionally, these findings suggests that the normative
models of belonging in study abroad (multiculturalism and cosmopolitanism)
must be reconsidered.


Jiyeon Kang is an Associate Professor of Communication Studies and Korean
Studies at the University of Iowa. Her research focuses on youth culture,
social movements, and digital technologies in both South Korea and the
U.S., with a specific interest in the communicative dynamics and cultural
norms emerging in internet and campus communities. She is currently
preparing a monograph titled *New Global Civilities: Chinese Undergraduate
Students in the US and South Korea*.

Kyongah Hwang is Instructor in the department of Journalism & Communication
at KyungHee University. She specializes in multicultural and migration
studies, along with media analysis. Her research interests include
multicultural discourses, anti-multicultural feelings and the politics of
hate as well as media representation of ethnicity and gender. Recently, she
has been focusing on educational migration research.

*2. *

*Reexamination of the Globalization of Higher Education in South Korea
Toward Democratic Cosmopolitan Citizenship within Inter-Asia Contexts*

*Presenter:* Sujung Kim, Senior Lecturer, Graduate Center, City University
of New York, kimsujung421 at gmail.com

*Abstract:* This study examines the internationalization of higher
education in South Korea. In particular, it focuses on (1) the
rationalities that the Korean government and major universities with the
largest number of Asian international students employ to rationalize their
efforts for recruiting international students from other Asian countries,
and (2) the modalities the government and institutions use to manage Asian
international students. Based on the findings from critical discourse
analysis, this study further explores how to reframe the existing practices
of the internationalization of higher education, which is greatly managed
under market logic and/or higher education ranking criteria that have been
developed by the dominant neoliberal Western states under the name of the
*segyehwa* [globalization] of colleges and universities, toward democratic
cosmopolitan citizenship both for Asian international students and Korean
domestic students within inter-Asia contexts.


Dr. Sujung Kim is an interdisciplinary scholar whose research addresses the
critical pedagogy of higher education for the public good and educating
students as critical public intellectuals. Her research and teaching
interests are located at the intersection of class, race, citizenship,
power, and subjectivity, and how these intersecting conditions affect
vulnerable college students’ sense of institutional and social belonging
and identities.


*Title: **Complicit Mobility: Southeast Asian Students in Korean Studies
and their Inter-Asia Knowledge Migrations*

*Presenter: *Younghan Cho, Professor, Department of Korean Studies, Hankuk
University of Foreign Studies, choy at hufs.ac.kr

Sueun Kim, Ph.D. Center for Koreanophone Studies, Hankuk University of
Foreign Studies, dreamingsue at gmail.com


This study examines the Southeast Asian students’ inter-Asia knowledge
migrations with focus on their academic experiences of pursuing
postgraduate degrees in Korean Studies at Korean universities. For this
purpose, it focuses on their strategic choices and adjusted aspirations in
choosing Korean Studies as their majors as well as mediocratic academic
experiences at Korean universities. By deploying ethnographic approach,
this study illuminates the variegated dimensions in the process of becoming
academics in Korean Studies from sponsored students in South Korea to
professors in their home countries. First, it discusses Southeast Asian
students’ rationales for choosing Korea and Korean universities for their
destination based on scholarship opportunities. Second, it explores their
unexpected encountering, dilemma and negotiations in classrooms in Korean
universities. Finally, it traces how they manage their academic careers in
continuous collaboration with Korean academics, universities and
government. As a way of conceptualizing their inter-Asia mobility in higher
education, we suggest the term “complicit mobility”, which refers to
another type of knowledge migration engendered within the intersection
between Southeast Asian students’ aspiration of upgrading their life and
vocational conditions and Korea’s desires of globalizing Korean Studies.
(By complicit mobility, we shed light on invigorated, negotiated and
collaborative experiences of Southeast Asian students as well as on Korea’s
excessive nationalist motivation in Korean Studies.)


Younghan Cho is Professor of Korean Studies in the Graduate School of
International and Area Studies at Hankuk University of Foreign Studies. He
has published widely on global sports, fans and celebrity, Korean Wave and
East Asian pop culture, and nationalism and modernity in modern Korea and
East Asian society. His recent books are *The Yellow Pacific: East Asia and
Multiple Modernities* (2020, SNU Press, in Korean), and *Global Sports
Fandom in South Korea: Ethnography of Korean Major League Baseball Fans in
the Online Community (2020, Palgrave Macmillan).*

Sueun Kim is a researcher at Center for Koreanonphone Studies and lecturer
at Hankuk University of Foreign Studies. She holds a PhD in Korean Studies
from Hankuk University of Foreign Studies. Her research areas include
knowledge migration of Southeast Asian to South Korea, and the
transnational Korean popular culture. Her recent research includes Outbound
Tourism Motivated by Domestic Films: Contentsized Koreanness in Thai movies
and Tourism to Korea in Contents Tourism: Mediatized Culture, Fandoms, and
the International Tourism Experience.

*Session 2*

*4. *

*Title: Examining Inter-Asian Dynamism in the Mobilities of Students across
less-known Places in Asia: A Focus on Korean Students in Brunei Darussalam*

*Presenters: *

Phan, Le Ha, Senior Professor, Universiti Brunei Darussalam,
leha.phan at ubd.edu.bn

Professor, University of Hawaii at Manoa, halephan at hawaii.edu

Yabit bin Alas, Senior Assistant Professor, Universiti Brunei Darussalam,
yabit.alas at ubd.edu.bn

*Abstract: *

This paper examines the mobilities of students across less-known places in
Asia, with a particular focus on Korean students in Brunei Darussalam. It
pays attention to Korean students’ choice and justification of Brunei as
their study destination despite the consistent negative media discourse and
construction of Brunei Darussalam as an unpopular country. It also examines
how and to what extent their actual experiences of studying and living in
Brunei (re)shape their perceptions of the place. Engaged with the
literature on the internationalization of higher education and student
mobilities, particularly the emerging scholarship on inter-Asian student
mobilities, it discusses how various established and emerging
actors/players in higher education co-construct, consolidate, extend,
contradict, and resist certain discourses and images largely associated
with less known and less exposed places such as Brunei. The paper is
informed by a qualitative case study research conducted with Korean
international students currently studying in Brunei universities. The
findings and argument put forth in the paper offer space for difficult
questions to be addressed, interrogated and taken seriously at all levels
of policy, pedagogy and curriculum of the internationalization of higher
education. Likewise, they urge more critical discussion of mobilities in
general and student mobilities in particular, in which social class,
discrimination and prejudices associated with religions and lack of
knowledge/biased knowledge play a major role.


Phan Le Ha (PhD) is Senior Professor at Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah Institute
of Education, Universiti Brunei Darussalam (UBD), and also Head of the
International and Comparative Education Research Group at UBD, Brunei.
Prior to Brunei, Prof Phan was tenured Full Professor in the Department of
Educational Foundations, College of Education, University of Hawaii at
Manoa (UHM) where she maintains her affiliation, and Senior Lecturer at the
Faculty of Education, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia. She has
taught and written extensively on global/international/transnational higher
education, international development and education,
identity-language-culture-pedagogy, educational mobilities, English
language education, and sociology of knowledge and education. Her research
work has covered many contexts in Southeast Asia, East Asia, the
Asia-Pacific and the Gulf regions. .

Dr Yabit Alas is Senior Assistant Professor in the Faculty of Arts and
Social Sciences, Director of the Language Centre, and Deputy Head of
International and Comparative Education, Universiti Brunei Darussalam. His
main area of expertise is Comparative Linguistics, with a focus on
Austronesian Languages. Dr Yabit Alas also serves on the Malay Language
Council where he has directly been involved in the planning and
implementation of the Malay language in Brunei and regionally. He has
published in both Malay and English. His publications have appeared in
books and journals nationally and internationally.

*5. *

*Title: *

*Title*: *"Imagining Lives In and Beyond the 'Fringes' : Korean
Degree-Seeking Students in Asia and the Pacific" *

*Presenter*: Sarah Jane Lipura, PhD Candidate, University of Auckland,
slip932 at aucklanduni.ac.nz


While extant literature on international student mobility has highlighted
the unprecedented growth of international students globally, the unique
case of South Korea as one of the world's largest suppliers of
international students has not been widely explored beyond the context of
West-bound mobility. This paper is based on a wider study foregrounded on
the need to ‘decenter’ research on international education by advancing a
broader and more inclusive view of study abroad that is differentiated
socially and spatially as illustrated by the presence of international
students in what I introduce (and develop) as the ‘fringes’. Drawing on
previous interviews with degree-seeking Korean international students in
India, Philippines and Fiji, it principally explores how Korean students in
the 'fringes' bypass global structures of prestige and value and how they
re-imagine, re-position and navigate themselves in and out of Korea.
Through this focus, the paper not only engages and interrogates dominant
discourses on 'contra-flow' mobility but also offers insights on the
growing complexities of contemporary Korean society.


Sarah Lipura is a PhD candidate in Asian Studies at the University of
Auckland, researching on international student mobility across 'peripheral'
spaces with a particular focus on Korean international students in atypical
study destinations in Asia and the Pacific. Her research is derived from
her strong interest in migrant communities and close engagement with Korean
migrants in the Philippines. She has previously published in *Kritika
Kultura *and *Globalisation, Societies and Education*.

*6. *

*Title: How to Transferring Educational Outcomes for Career Success:
Postgraduate Lives of Asian International Students from South Korea*

*Presenter:* Dohye Kim, Assistant Professor, Duksung Women’s University,
dohyekim at gmail.com

*Abstract: *This article examines the postgraduate lives of Asian
international students who studied in regional universities outside the
global city of Seoul, South Korea. International student mobility has been
largely conducted in the context of their moving to prestigious Anglophone
universities that has tended to generate universally recognizable cultural
capital necessary for career success, such as diplomas from these highly
ranked global universities and fluency in English. Thus, less research has
been conducted to how students’ educational credentials earned in
universities outside Anglophone countries have become valuable resources
for career success in the global job market. By analysing how the graduates
struggle to transfer their educational assets to succeed in the job market,
this article elaborates the values of the cultural capital the
international students obtained outside Anglophone universities varied
according to the historical and temporal contexts surrounding the alumni.
Focusing on students enrolled in lower-tired universities in South Korea,
this study eventually disrupts the taken-for-granted idea that
international student mobility produces globally competent cultural capital.


Dohye Kim earned her PhD from the Anthropology Department at the University
of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign. Her dissertation focused on South Korean
retiree migrants’ small-scale business engagement in the Philippines and
the ways in which the ethical demarcations of “good,” “wealthy” retirees
and “bad,” “poor” entrepreneurs were shaped inside the South Korean
community and created tensions among retirees. Kim is currently working as
an Assistant Professor at the Center for Multiculturalism and Social
Policy, Daegu University and conducting research on international students
in South Korea, mostly focusing on Southeast Asian international students.

Professor in Korean Studies(Ph.D in Communication Studies)
Graduate School of International and Area Studies, Hankuk University of
Foreign Studies (Seoul, South Korea)
Homepage: https://hufs.academia.edu/YounghanCho
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