[KS] Percival Lowell

Robert N robertneff103 at gmail.com
Mon Apr 6 23:13:42 EDT 2015

I have to disagree to some degree with Prof. Hoffman.  With the exception
of Gottsche, none of those Germans were here in Korea at the same time as

As to Allen's list of Corean Maritime Customs - it is incomplete (as he
notes) and some of the names were even wrong.  Unfortunately, many
subsequent publications copied his list and the errors continued to be
replicated.  Prof. Wayne Patterson can attest to some of this.

I  think that the Lowell project is very important for a number of
reasons.  As Prof. Baker noted there are a couple of archives with
photographs and I am putting together a book based on these and other early
photographs.  There were quite a few Westerners in Seoul - and all of them
with very interesting histories and backgrounds that I hope to include.

I think that as time goes by the ideas that we have of the Western
communities in Seoul, Fusan, Masan, Wonsan (Gensan) and Chemulpo will have
to change.  There was a lot going on in Korea - with a lot of small
business ventures - that never made it into the books published by Allen,
Sands, Underwood, Gale or the other missionaries.

Robert Neff

On Tue, Apr 7, 2015 at 10:16 AM, Frank Hoffmann <hoffmann at koreanstudies.com>

> Since Kirk mentioned Paul Georg von Möllendorff and the Westerners he
> brought to Korea:
> Alexander Kneider (not sure if he is on the KS List), who a few years
> ago published a wonderful, very detailed book on Germans in late 19th
> century Korea, lists these people:
> - several Germans for the Korea Maritime Customs Service
> - the German geologist Carl Gottsche (in 1883-84 -- for 8 months in
> Korea)
> - in 1884/85: the German American Joseph Rosenbaum (for a planned glass
> production company); August Maertens (project for rearing of
> silkworms); Louis Kniffler (for a tobacco company); a farmer of the
> name Helm for the establishment of a manor or large farm with
> agricultural production following the Prussian model)
> - for the creation a new, modern mint (to manufacure Koren coins) he
> also brought in 1894 three German engineers: Friedrich Kraus, Claus
> Dietrich, and C. Riedt
> You will find the above information in the paragraph of Kneider's
> article that begins with "Zur Verwirklichung seiner" at:
> http://www.lvk-info.org/nr17/lvk-17moelli.htm
> Best,
> Frank
> --------------------------------------
> Frank Hoffmann
> http://koreanstudies.com
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